Theory on Work and Management Overview

Work and Management

AND Management

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The objective of this study is to compare House’s Path-Goal theory of leadership with the Situational Leadership model. This study will make provision of an example or application of the two theories utilizing the writer’s work situation.

This study will describe the leadership styled utilized by the writer’s boss or other CEO or high level personnel in the work organization. For part two of this study examined is how causes of conflict can be found in the organizational and personal characteristics of those involved in the conflict.

This study will answer as to the similar organizational and personal factors and provide examples using the organization the writer is most familiar with.

For part three of this study, Chapter 17 on Career Management will be examined and the following questions answered: (1) What aspects of9 the New vs. Old Career Paradigms can you relate to your work place or any organization you are most familiar with.; (2) Based on Holland’s Typology, which occupational typology match your personality as per your MBTI (Myers Briggs); and (3) Identify factors that contribute to a successful career. How can you relate these factors to success in your own career stage and your manager’s or supervisor’s career stage.

Finally, part four of this study will provide a brief description of the writer’s job duties and responsibilities and identify the core job dimensions of the Job Characteristics Model. Describe how each of the core job dimensions is present in your job. If your job is lacking in any of the core job dimensions, what do you need to do to your job to have or possess all the core job dimensions?

I. Path-Goal Leadership Model vs. Situational Leadership Model

The path-goal leadership model was developed by Robert House, a professor for Wharton. This theory of leadership is reported to suggest that “leadership style affects the job satisfaction and performance of employees.” (Basu, 2014, p. 1) This leadership model is such that involves the leadership overcoming obstacles and providing motivation to employees in the form of incentives. These leaders are reported to set goals that are achievable and then provide a path that is clear to assist employees in meeting the goals which have been set. This theory holds that leaders should provide support and instill confidence in those whom are being led and that leadership should be “instructive when the job is ambiguous and demanding and when “there is a lack of motivation in meeting deadlines.” (Basu, 2014, p. 1) This model of leadership is such that involves leaders consulting with employees on a regular basis in including the employees in making important decisions.

The situational leadership model is characterized by specifying suggestions on the manner in which leaders should adapt to various situations through prioritization of tasks as well as assessing the skills and motivation of employees. Finally situational leadership involves making a decision on the type of leadership style that is situationally appropriate whether that be “directing, coaching, supporting or observing….” ( Basu, 2014, p. 1)

II. Leadership Style Utilized by Company CEO

The leadership style utilized by the CEO of the company employing the writer of this work is one that is transformational. The transformational leadership style involves direct interaction with employees providing them with motivation and acknowledging a job well done. Positive input is given rather than negative input in order to motivate employees. As well, support is given when needed and flexibility is a characteristic of transformational leadership. Transformational leadership assists the employee in realizing their own personal goals and provides support in meeting those goals. Transformational leadership is a leadership model that leads by example and one that builds character in those whom are being led.

III. Causes of Personal and Organizational Conflict Compared

Organizational and personal conflicts in the workplace have common factors in that both organizational and personal conflict arises from various assignations of importance to various aspects of the employees’ work of organizationally related activities and the same is true of different values assigned to the employee’s personal life. Both can result in workplace conflict. Whereas one employee is punctual and efficient another employee may not assign as much important to deadlines but is more thorough producing a better end-result than the employee who is more punctual. There are trade-offs when comparing employees as each of these employees provide a benefit to the organization but at the same time conflict arises when organizational goals or individual goals clash one with the other.

IV. Chapter 17 on Career Management

A. Aspects of New vs. Old Career Paradigms in the Workplace

It is reported that according to the old career paradigm the most important factor was allegiance to the corporate rather than allegiance to the project. Project needs were second to the policies and procedures of the corporation and work groups were long-term in nature and it was more important to keep the group together than it was to ensure completion of the project.

B. Holland Typology: What Occupational Typology March the Writers Personality as Per the MBTI (Myers Briggs

The writer of this work is found to be the ESFP personality. The following breakdown of preferences re noted in the findings:

Mind — Extraverted 29%

Energy — Observant13%

Nature — Feeling 14%

Tactics — Prospecting 14%

Identity — Assertive 37% (16 Personalities, 2014, p. 1)

C. Factors that Contribute to a Successful Career and Relating these Factors to the Writer’s Success in the Present Career Stage and in the Supervisor’s Career Stage D. Dimensions and What is Needed to Gain Possession of All the Core Job Dimensions

It is reported that the best way to keep a job is to view the job as though working for oneself and knowing the skills that must be packaged for employers and what can be done to make sure that the individual’s skills are “state-of-the-art.” (Cengage Learning, 2009, p. 1)

Organizations desire employees who possess multiple skills and who are able to effectively and efficiently perform more than just one job. As well demonstrating skills in the area of the ability to effectively take charge is important. The individual’s ability to adapt and even flourish in the environment of organizational change is critically important as us self-reliance, ethical behaviors, high values and integrity and a professional image.

The present career stage of the writer of this work is at a professional level with education and training supported by skills and experience. The supervisor in this scenario has also achieved a professional level of adeptness and is extremely professional in Customer Relationship Management (CRM).

The primary needs in the professional life of the writer of this work and the supervisor of the writer of this work is a higher level of support from top management and better communication skills between all individuals in the organizational in this scenario.

Summary and Conclusion

The present study has compared and contrasted Path-Goal theory of leadership with the Situational Leadership Model. As well, this study has described the leadership style used by the company CEO and has examined personal and organizational conflict in the organization. The writers Myers-Brigg results have been related and the old vs. The new career paradigm examined and compared. Finally, this study has set out the factors that contribute to a successful career and examined these factors in light of the career success of the writer of this work and the supervisor of the writer of this work and has identified what is needed so that all core job dimensions are realized by this writer and their supervisor. It is important to develop and possess the right skills in today’s workplace. Employees must be able to multi-task and possess multiple skills if they are to effectively compete in today’s workforce. Integrity, honesty, self-reliance, and adaptability and flexibility are all important characteristics for today’s employees to possess. Of primary importance is the ability to effectively communicate both in terms of the organization’s internal and external environment as well as an ability to effectively express oneself and to listen carefully to what others are saying. Communication modes have undergone change but organizational change is an ongoing process that is never complete in today’s business environment therefore, the ability to handle organizational change is a primary skill that today’s employee must posses if they are to realize success as a business professional.


Free Personality Test (2014) 16 Personalities. Retrieved from: Basu, C. (2014) Difference Between Situational Leadership & Path Leadership Theories. Small Business Chronicle. Retrieved from:

Chapter 17: Career Management (pp. 278-0) Career Management: Chapter Objectives, 2007 Cengage Learning Inc.

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