Cosmetic Surgery for Teenagers Research

Cosmetic Surgery for Teenagers

One of the many advances in modern healthcare is the ability of surgeons to alter the human body (and facial features) for purely cosmetic purposes. Cosmetic surgery has grown steadily in popularity in the last several decades to the point that procedures that were once relatively rare and mainly sought by professional entertainers and by individuals with serious disfigurement from injuries or congenital defects are now so routine that thousands of high school-age students request them, often as graduation gifts. Today, it is not at all unusual for teenage girls to undergo liposuction and breast augmentation while they are still so young that their parents must sign consent forms in order for the procedures to be performed legally. That raises serious concerns, particularly on the part of well-meaning parents because of the inherent risks involved and even more so because of the questionable sources of motivation for these desires.

Don't use plagiarized sources. Get Your Custom Essay on
Cosmetic Surgery for Teenagers Research
Just from $13/Page
Order Essay

Conceptualizing the Respective Risks and Benefits of Cosmetic Surgery

As is the case with all surgeries, cosmetic surgical procedures are associated with significant potential risks (Zuckerman & Abraham, 2008). Some of those risks include severe hemorrhaging during or after the procedure, nerve damage from accidental disruption of severing of nerve tissues, and serious (even potentially life threatening) post-surgical infections (Zuckerman & Abraham, 2008). While the relative risk of those complications are small for each individual patient, in the aggregate, virtually all of those possible complications will materialize thousands of times annually among the entire patient population undergoing all types of surgery, including elective surgery such as cosmetic procedures (Pitts-Taylor, 2007).

Most of those actual instances of complications are never known to patients contemplating cosmetic surgery and they often fail to consider the true risks that could actually materialize because every patient believes that he or she will not be among the relatively small number of patients who are harmed or even killed every year by their choice to undergo unnecessary cosmetic surgery. In 2007, the issue made national headlines after the mother of Hip-Hop artist Kanye West’s mother died from serious complications following her liposuction surgery (Lite & Dillon, 2007; News Medical.Net, 2007). Naturally, the prudent approach to cosmetic surgery is to balance these potential risks with the supposed benefits of these procedures.

In considering the benefits of cosmetic surgery, it is conceptually difficult to distinguish procedures that are sufficiently beneficial to warrant the respective risks associate with them from those that are not. In principle, one workable approach would be to consider whether or not the cosmetic feature being considered for change is one that is legitimately interfering with the quality of life of the individual or one that is much more superficial. An example of the former might be a conspicuous deformity that is not necessarily a cause of physical dysfunction but that is an understandable source of social anxiety capable of being ameliorated by a cosmetic procedure, such as a prominent birth mark on the face or a so-called “hair lip.” Meanwhile, an example of the latter would be breast augmentation intended to increase a B-cup to a C. Or D-cup or liposuction on a patient who is not at all overweight but merely self-conscious about a small fat deposit in a specific area of the body. On one hand, neither of these types of procedures is medically “necessary”; on the other hand, there is a fundamental difference between correcting an understandable source of social anxiety from a cosmetic deformity and the pursuit of physical “perfection” through cosmetic surgery (Levine, 2008; Tong, 2007).

The Relationship between Self-Esteem Issues and External Cosmetic Fixes

Volumes of empirical research as well as anecdotal data have documented the causal relationship between low self-esteem and obsessive concern over superficial appearance (Gerrig & Zimbardo, 2008). In principle, individuals with low self-esteem suffer from the perpetual perception that they are not good enough or attractive enough, very often completely irrespective of their qualities or actual level of physical attractiveness. In fact, a paradox exists in that it is not uncommon for those who are particularly attractive naturally to worry the most over their appearance for reasons having to do with the long-term effects on self-esteem attributable to constant compliments on one’s appearance. That is not to say that individuals who are attractive do not enjoy many social advantages over those who are very unattractive. However, the individuals with the healthiest self-esteem are typically those who are neither extremely attractive nor extremely unattractive but closer to being average looking (Gerrig & Zimbardo, 2008). That is because both highly attractive and unattractive people are often judged prematurely by the way that they look: good looking people, in particular, may come to believe that their primary value is their looks (Gerrig & Zimbardo, 2008).

The connection between self-esteem and desire for physical enhancement through cosmetic surgery pertains to all ages but is especially significant for teenagers by virtue of the extreme importance of self-esteem issues that normally are part of adolescent development (Pitts-Taylor, 2007). Therefore, if distinguishing between psychologically healthy and psychologically unhealthy reasons for desiring cosmetic surgical procedures is important in the general prospective patient population, it is only that much more important an issue in connection with teenagers.

The Influence of Modern Media on Teen Perceptions and Values

Naturally, the modern media are strong influences on adolescent values and perceptions of reality. Today, teenagers are bombarded with images of physical perfection in the air-brushed pictures in advertisements and in the carefully managed appearance of their favorite musical and motion picture artists. Similarly, the advertisement of so many cosmetic surgery procedures and clinics on television and in other forms of media promote the perception that cosmetic surgery is necessary or that it is a normal solution to any aspect of non-contentment with one’s physical appearance. At a more fundamental level, the popularity and increasingly common resort to surgery to correct minor physical imperfections also promotes the belief that physical perfection is the baseline for everyone.

Appropriate Parental Positions on the Issues

Parents whose children express the desire for cosmetic surgery should first consider whether or not the procedure at issue is an understandable source of unnecessary anxiety. Certainly, a harmless mole or a conspicuously large or crooked nose is a superficial issue; on the other hand, in principle, it is not any different from correcting crooked teeth with braces for cosmetic reasons. Generally, those types of cosmetic procedures should be considered in a different manner than the types of enhancements that are genuinely superficial, such as breast augmentation for teenagers. Generally, parents of all teenagers should emphasize that looks are superficial but parents of teenagers who wish to ameliorate a conspicuous (albeit cosmetic) source of understandable social anxiety might be well advised to pursue a cosmetic fix. Conversely, parents of teenagers who desire to enhance their looks in the pursuit of perfection might be best advised to deny those requests. At the very least, they might condition any consideration of such desires upon consultation with psychological experts capable of evaluating and addressing potential underlying self-esteem and other psychological factors that might be issues responsible for the desire for truly superficial cosmetic enhancements.


Gerrig, R. And Zimbardo, P. (2008). Psychology and Life. New Jersey: Pearson.

Levine, C. (2008). Taking Sides: Clashing Views on Bioethical Issues. 12th Ed. Dubuque

Iowa: McGraw Hill.

Lite, J. And Dillon, N. (2007). “Kanye West’s mom dies after cosmetic surgery” The New

York Daily News, November 13, 2007. Retrieved June 26, 2011, from:

News Medical.Net. (2007). “Risks of cosmetic surgery under the spotlight again”

Retrieved June 26, 2011, from:

Pitts-Taylor, V. (2007). Surgery Junkies: Wellness and Pathology in Cosmetic Culture.

New Jersey: Rutgers University Press.

Tong, R. (2007). New Perspectives in Health Care Ethics: An Interdisciplinary and Cultural Approach. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson.

Zuckerman, D. And Abraham, A. “Teenagers and Cosmetic Surgery: Focus on Breast

Augmentation and Liposuction.” Journal of Adolescent Health (April 2, 2008).

What Will You Get?

We provide professional writing services to help you score straight A’s by submitting custom written assignments that mirror your guidelines.

Premium Quality

Get result-oriented writing and never worry about grades anymore. We follow the highest quality standards to make sure that you get perfect assignments.

Experienced Writers

Our writers have experience in dealing with papers of every educational level. You can surely rely on the expertise of our qualified professionals.

On-Time Delivery

Your deadline is our threshold for success and we take it very seriously. We make sure you receive your papers before your predefined time.

24/7 Customer Support

Someone from our customer support team is always here to respond to your questions. So, hit us up if you have got any ambiguity or concern.

Complete Confidentiality

Sit back and relax while we help you out with writing your papers. We have an ultimate policy for keeping your personal and order-related details a secret.

Authentic Sources

We assure you that your document will be thoroughly checked for plagiarism and grammatical errors as we use highly authentic and licit sources.

Moneyback Guarantee

Still reluctant about placing an order? Our 100% Moneyback Guarantee backs you up on rare occasions where you aren’t satisfied with the writing.

Order Tracking

You don’t have to wait for an update for hours; you can track the progress of your order any time you want. We share the status after each step.


Areas of Expertise

Although you can leverage our expertise for any writing task, we have a knack for creating flawless papers for the following document types.

Areas of Expertise

Although you can leverage our expertise for any writing task, we have a knack for creating flawless papers for the following document types.


Trusted Partner of 9650+ Students for Writing

From brainstorming your paper's outline to perfecting its grammar, we perform every step carefully to make your paper worthy of A grade.

Preferred Writer

Hire your preferred writer anytime. Simply specify if you want your preferred expert to write your paper and we’ll make that happen.

Grammar Check Report

Get an elaborate and authentic grammar check report with your work to have the grammar goodness sealed in your document.

One Page Summary

You can purchase this feature if you want our writers to sum up your paper in the form of a concise and well-articulated summary.

Plagiarism Report

You don’t have to worry about plagiarism anymore. Get a plagiarism report to certify the uniqueness of your work.

Free Features $66FREE

  • Most Qualified Writer $10FREE
  • Plagiarism Scan Report $10FREE
  • Unlimited Revisions $08FREE
  • Paper Formatting $05FREE
  • Cover Page $05FREE
  • Referencing & Bibliography $10FREE
  • Dedicated User Area $08FREE
  • 24/7 Order Tracking $05FREE
  • Periodic Email Alerts $05FREE

Our Services

Join us for the best experience while seeking writing assistance in your college life. A good grade is all you need to boost up your academic excellence and we are all about it.

  • On-time Delivery
  • 24/7 Order Tracking
  • Access to Authentic Sources
Academic Writing

We create perfect papers according to the guidelines.

Professional Editing

We seamlessly edit out errors from your papers.

Thorough Proofreading

We thoroughly read your final draft to identify errors.


Delegate Your Challenging Writing Tasks to Experienced Professionals

Work with ultimate peace of mind because we ensure that your academic work is our responsibility and your grades are a top concern for us!

Check Out Our Sample Work

Dedication. Quality. Commitment. Punctuality

All samples
Thesis/Thesis chapter
Research paper
Essay (any type)
creating a Code of Conduct
View this sample
Research paper
Week 1 Journal Assignment
Undergrad. (yrs 3-4)
Human Resources Management (HRM)
View this sample
Research paper
Cultural Intelligence Presentation
View this sample
Research paper
Communicable Disease
View this sample
Research paper
Mental health
View this sample
Essay (any type)
Personalized Glossary of Research and Assessment Terms
View this sample

It May Not Be Much, but It’s Honest Work!

Here is what we have achieved so far. These numbers are evidence that we go the extra mile to make your college journey successful.


Happy Clients


Words Written This Week


Ongoing Orders


Customer Satisfaction Rate

Process as Fine as Brewed Coffee

We have the most intuitive and minimalistic process so that you can easily place an order. Just follow a few steps to unlock success.

See How We Helped 9000+ Students Achieve Success


We Analyze Your Problem and Offer Customized Writing

We understand your guidelines first before delivering any writing service. You can discuss your writing needs and we will have them evaluated by our dedicated team.

  • Clear elicitation of your requirements.
  • Customized writing as per your needs.

We Mirror Your Guidelines to Deliver Quality Services

We write your papers in a standardized way. We complete your work in such a way that it turns out to be a perfect description of your guidelines.

  • Proactive analysis of your writing.
  • Active communication to understand requirements.

We Handle Your Writing Tasks to Ensure Excellent Grades

We promise you excellent grades and academic excellence that you always longed for. Our writers stay in touch with you via email.

  • Thorough research and analysis for every order.
  • Deliverance of reliable writing service to improve your grades.
Place an Order Start Chat Now